Essays on Psychology and Crime
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Edge Hill University. Applying Psychology PSY Examine the different models of offender profiling covered in the lecture and critically discuss whether offender profiling is an art or a science.
12 Series Titles
There is much criticism surrounding offender profiling as to whether it is more of a science, or more of an art. Criminal investigative analysis CIA is a systematic and logical approach for analysing the behavioural aspects of a perpetrator. CIA is an approach that has been used by the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI , which relies on psychological and investigative experience to form a criminal profile Devery, However, despite the scientific elements of this technique, there are limitations to be considered.
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This technique has helped to narrow down and prioritise suspects during an investigation, as previous research has shown that the influence of where criminals offend, may also be where they go when they are not offending Canter, However, some critiques that may affect the accuracy of CGT may be that it assumes the offender does not travel and has a fixed place of residence. Investigative Psychology IP , is an additional technique which examines a variety of aspects of a crime. It is based on research and psychology theory, and this was developed by David Canter , who proposed this bottom-up approach to analyse time, location, characteristics, and educational background of an offender.
Once gathered, these details form a basis to build a potential profile.
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Similar to CGT, this model involves identifying a perpetrators location, which assumes that the offender does not travel, and IP requires a detailed and thorough investigation to produce reliable data, which is not always achievable Muller, Some researchers have claimed that offender profiling is more of an art than a science Wrightman, , and claimed that inferences made may be educated guesses and clever assumptions Geberth, In addition, it has been claimed that characteristics drawn from a crime scene may lead to stereotyping, where the profiler starts to believe particular aspects about an offender, which could potentially lead on to a.
Canter, D. Offender profiling and investigative psychology. COOK, P.
Research Psychology Programs
Beginning with the work of Guerry and Quetelet, this theory became the dominate paradigm in explaining crime with the work of the Chicago School in the early s, Biosocial criminology is an emerging perspective that highlights the interdependence between genetic and environmental factors in the etiology of antisocial behaviors. However, given that biosocial criminology has only recently gained traction among criminologists, there has not been any attempt This volume presents the rich and provocative historical, theoretical, methodological, and applied developments within affirmative postmodern and post-structural criminology.
This includes the evolution of thought that embraces the "linguistic turn" in crime, law justice, and social change. Anomie, strain and subcultural theories are among the leading theories of crime.
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Anomie theories state that crime results from the failure of society to regulate adequately the behavior of individuals, particularly the efforts of individuals to achieve monetary success. Strain theories focus on Stay on CRCPress. Per Page.
Include Forthcoming Titles. Social Constructionist Theories of Crime 1st Edition.
Developmental and Life-course Criminological Theories 1st Edition. Social Learning Theories of Crime 1st Edition. Feminist Theories of Crime 1st Edition.
On the witness stand
Radical and Marxist Theories of Crime 1st Edition. Cultural Criminology: Theories of Crime 1st Edition. Biosocial Theories of Crime 1st Edition. Matsueda, Stuart Henry March 11, Social Constructionist Theory has become a transcendent perspective appearing in a variety of disciplines from sociology, psychology and psychotherapy, to geography, political science and post-modernism.
Developmental and Life-course Criminological Theories 1st Edition Tara Renae McGee, Paul Mazerolle March 09, The developmental and life-course perspective in criminology came to prominence during the late s and throughout the s a number of theories were developed to explain offending behavior over the life-course. Thomas Winfree, Ronald L. Akers, Christine S. Sellers March 15, The readings selected for this volume reveal the historical development of social learning theory, from its origins in differential association theory, through the role played by psychological behaviorism, to contemporary social learning theory and its further incorporation of social structure as Crime Opportunity Theories: Routine Activity, Rational Choice and their Variants 1st Edition Mangai Natarajan November 23, Opportunity theories of crime seek to explain the occurrence of crime rather than simply the existence of criminal dispositions.
Stretesky, Michael J. Lynch September 28, The essays selected for this volume show how radical and Marxist criminology has established itself as an influential critique since it emerged in the late s.
Edward Wells, Joseph H. Rankin July 28, Control theories have dominated criminological theory and research since the publication of Hirschi's seminal work on the social bond.